A Detailed Guide to Driving in Morocco in 2022

Are you considering renting a car and driving in Morocco? Here are some things you should consider!

Mountain ranges. Barren deserts. Sand dunes. Minarets around every corner. Red buildings. Beautiful vistas. Old villages built into hillsides. Palm trees. Olive and date groves. These views were just a sampling of what we saw and experienced while driving in Morocco on our Morocco road trip.

On our trip to Morocco, we knew we wanted to see more of the country than just the main cities, so we planned to roadtrip across Morocco’s beautiful and varied landscapes. It was occasionally nerve wracking, but mostly so exhilarating to go off and explore more of Morocco on our own terms!

Our Route for Driving in Morocco

We drove from Marrakech to Ait Ben Haddou, the Dades Gorge, Merzouga/Sahara Desert, Fes, Chefchaouen, and finally Tangier. 

If you are wanting to follow a similar itinerary, but don’t want to drive yourself, never fear – there are a variety of tours that will take you out into the mountains and desert.

This tour will take you in almost the same route as outlined here, departing from Marrakech, visiting Ait Ben Haddou and Ouarzazate, spending one night in the Sahara, and ending up in Fes. If you don’t want to worry about details, logistics, or driving, taking a tour is a great option and one that many people choose to do.

However! If you want to drive yourself around Morocco, I am here to tell you, it is definitely possible to do that! We had a great time, and despite a few hair-raising moments, I would both do it again and recommend it to any confident driver wanting to have full control over their itinerary. (I’m sure Matthew doesn’t mind me volunteering him to drive again…)

Ready to dive into a Moroccan road trip? Here’s what to know about driving in Morocco:

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Getting Your Rental Car

To get your rental car, you’ll need to take a taxi to the airport, where the car rentals are located. In Marrakech, the airport was an easy 15 minute ride from the medina (the taxi ride was a fixed price of 70 dirham).

Pro Tips: We have found the most competitve rates and best availability of cars on RentalCars.com. My biggest piece of advice currently for renting a car, though, is book early! Rental car prices and availability are really wonky right now.

👉Check availability and current prices on RentalCars.com here!

Documents Needed for Renting a Car in Morocco

To pick up your rental car, you will need your driver’s license, an international driver’s license, and your booking voucher.

When you make your booking, you will get a voucher – print that off and bring it with you, the rental company will want a hard copy of it. 

You can easily get an international driver’s license from AAA, but if you would rather get it from the comfort of your home (or, if like us, you procrastinate until it’s too late to go to a AAA), you can also get an international driver’s license online. You just upload pictures of the necessary documents, and a printable download is available just a couple hours later. 

Of course, make sure to go around your car and document any dings or scratches, both on the rental agreement documents they have, and also taking pictures.

Matthew doing his due diligence on the rental

Rental Car Insurance

Whether it is through your credit card or the rental company, make sure you have rental insurance! We thankfully didn’t need it (despite the adventure in Chefchaouen leaving a scratch on the bumper – more on that below!), but you do not want to risk the possibility of paying for damages from driving in Morocco.

I always recommend you use a travel credit card for your rental car insurance – almost every travel card provides coverage as a perk! Double check that your card has it, but if you use that card to book the car and for the deposit at the counter, you should be covered.

Types of Roads

As you are driving between cities in Morocco, there are 3 types of roads that you will encounter: N roads, R roads, and S/P roads. 

  • N roads are equivalent to US interstates
  • R roads are the regional roads, equivalent to a US state road or a highway
  • S and P roads are equivalent to narrow country roads in the US

Road Conditions while Driving in Morocco

The N roads, though Morocco’s version of a US interstate, also had some big differences.

First, they were almost always just two lane roads and went straight through towns. You will need to slow down as you go through towns, there is no bypass system. However, these roads were generally well-maintained, saw heavier traffic, and had higher speed limits.

An N Road in the Atlas Mountains
Passing through a small town on an N road.

R roads were decently well-kept. Often they did have lower posted speeds than N roads. 

An R road in the Dades Gorge

P roads were in rough shape (at least, the P roads we drove on were!) Sometimes the two lane road was really only one lane wide. If you had oncoming traffic, you had to move off the asphalt a little bit and onto the gravel.

One of the P roads we drove on. Note how the asphalt is in pretty bad shape on the right hand side of the road. There weren’t often cars that we had to pass here, but when there was, we just slowed down and swung off the asphalt a little bit. Not a big deal.

Road Windiness

The roads were extremely winding through basically all of Morocco. Sure, here and there we encountered some straight sections, but generally the roads were constantly weaving. This made it hard for two reasons. 

The first is that if you are prone to carsickness, weaving constantly is not going to help. I highly recommend packing some dramomine or other anti-nausea medication if you’re prone to carsickness.

I actually ended up getting so carsick as we wove through the Atlas Mountains on the first day of our Morocco road trip that I ended up puking out the window of our car!

Thankfully, I only got sick the one time, and it’s now an extremely funny memory to me (“I puked out the car window in AFRICAAAAAA!”)

Trying to clean the car up a little bit after throwing up out the window, ha!

Secondly, whatever the speed limit might be, a large percentage of cars, and particularly all of the trucks, were going significantly under the speed limit. With the roads being almost exclusively two lanes, and it being very curvy, it was tricky to pass these slow cars.

Getting stuck behind a truck is really the MO of a Morocco road trip!

We had to wait until there was a section where we could see around the bend far enough and then shoot the gap.

Construction

There was a decent bit of construction going on, mostly on the N roads. When you hit construction, the road sometimes became gravel or dirt. From the people we talked to it sounds like there is a big rush right now as the backlog from Covid is being worked out. But these spots, again, slowed things down frequently.

Speed Limits

N roads: 75% of the time the speed limit was 60 km/hr, probably about 20% of the time it was 80 kph, and a few places far out in the desert it was 100 kph.

Any time you go near a town, the limit dropped to 40 kph, and you will often end up going even slower because of the flow of traffic, pedestrians, and layout of the village. 

R and P roads: The speed limit varied, but was almost never above 60 km/hr.

Driving in Morocco: City Driving

While driving between big cities in the countryside of Morocco was fine, driving in the big cities of Morocco, particularly in Marrakech, Fes, and Tangier, was hair-raising. Because of this, we only drove in and out of the city, and didn’t use the car for transportation while we were sightseeing. 

The big cities of Morocco have super narrow roads. They are packed with cars, scooters, bikers, donkeys, and pedestrians, and vehicles drive really close to each other. Cars and scooters cut each other off, and people step out into traffic all the time. 

There were stoplights and signs in many places, and you could count on some yielding, but it was really up to you to communicate with drivers about who’s turn it was. And frequently you ended up yielding to the more aggressive driver.

As we walked through Marrakech before picking up our car, we commented that it really seemed like traffic rules were merely suggestions.

Moroccan drivers be like…

It did seem to work for Moroccans, though! I never saw a crash of any kind, and people all seemed very comfortable with the “controlled” chaos.

However, coming from the US, with our wide roads, the space we give between cars, the patience we (usually) show in traffic, and the lack of pedestrians and animals in the road, it was a little jarring!

With that being said, just driving to the outskirts of the medina and parking there was usually not too bad – we were just very grateful to not do lots of in-city driving!

Pedestrian Interactions

 Cars always yield to pedestrians, and in Morocco, pedestrians utilize that right liberally.

While pedestrians wouldn’t (usually) step out right in front of traffic, they didn’t need a very large gap to start going. Cars were good about yielding, but they would often get within inches of people.

And some streets, even if still designated as car thoroughfares, were taken over by people and carts. In small towns, expect even the main road through town to be heavily congested by non-vehicle traffic. 

The main point of this section is: pedestrians do what they want, so pay close attention!

Stands on the Side of the Road

As you are driving in the countryside of Morocco, there will be a lot of stands and huts on the side of the road selling different wares. We frequently saw fruit stands (apples in particular were very common fruits for sale), tagines, argan oil, and jewelry.

Feel free to pull off and get something from these stands if you want – don’t forget to haggle!

Morocco Driving Time Estimates

Despite reading that it would take much longer than the Google maps estimate to reach our destinations, we found the Maps estimate to be actually quite accurate.

Even with sometimes getting stuck behind cars and trucks on winding roads, we still arrived in approximately the estimated time.

Maps For Driving in Morocco

If you aren’t planning on having data, I would download some maps ahead of time to your phone.

Actually, even if you are going to get a local SIM card, I would still download maps offline. We got a local SIM card from Orange that had data included in the plan. However, the data was incredibly spotty and unreliable, and frequently didn’t work, even in cities.  

To download a map with an Android system, when you open Google maps, click on your profile icon. One of the items on that menu is “Offline Maps”. Selecting this will allow you to see maps previously saved and if you choose “Select your own map” you can create a new saved map.

There is a maximum size you can download in one map (about 800 sq km), so you may need to save multiple maps to cover your whole trip.

Also, the tighter you make your zoom, the more detailed the saved map will be (showing more shops, locations, restaurants, etc). It won’t download in the background, though, so keep your phone awake until it finishes.

Here’s a visual of these steps:

Once maps are downloaded, you can see your location on the map, plot directions, and even use navigation, all without data. We have done this for many trips and it has been a lifesaver.

If you aren’t planning on driving yourself, I would still download the maps of the cities you are planning on visiting, as it helps tremendously with navigating as you walk around.

Gas Stations + Cost of Gas while Driving in Morocco

While there were enough towns and gas stations throughout our driving route in Morocco that we were never in danger of running out of gas, I wouldn’t recommend driving your car until it’s almost empty – sometimes there are sometimes big breaks between towns as you get into the countryside.

A few notes about gas stations in Morocco: Gas stations are not self-serve; an attendant will pump your gas for you. Also, we filled up three times in Morocco and two of those three times we had to pay in cash, as they wouldn’t take card. 

As a sidenote, be prepared to pay for almost everything in cash in Morocco. (We even had to pay for one of our riads in cash!)

The cost for gas was approximately $1.28 per liter, or $4.87 per gallon. 

Parking

The parking situation varied between locations. 

At Ait Ben Haddou, there was free parking along the sides of the main road. 

Look for these spots as you drive through the main street in town

We also parked for free at the guest house by the Dades Gorge, and at the hotel meeting point for the Sahara luxury camping stay.

In Fes, we paid 60 dirham (about $6) for two nights at a parking garage around the corner from our riad. You will need to park on the outskirts of the medina, so it worked out nicely that our riad was just around the corner (plus it was the most beautiful riad – I felt like I was staying in a palace).

You can also see how close it was to the medina (for example, the famous Blue Gate) and some of our favorite restaurants. (Check out my post on the delicious foods you’ll try in Morocco here)

This one was simply called “parking garage” on Avenue de la Liberte. It was underground, secure, and had an attendant.

In Chefchaouen, we paid 3 dirham (30 cents USD) for about 2 hours of parking as we explored the city. We parked in the Parking Jour et Nuit off of Rue Aljanah Al Akhdar.

When Google Maps Failed Us

This is a good time to warn you that Google maps will sometimes lead you astray, though! For example, as we wound our way to the parking garage in Chefchaouen, the directions told us to go down a one-way street which would connect to the main road right by the garage.

So, turn we did.

But the street quickly got narrower and narrower until our (very small) car was barely able to pass between the steps to the houses. We weren’t initially too worried as other roads we’d gone on had basically just been alleys, but this got extremely narrow… and then it deposited us at the bottom of a staircase!

Apparently Google read this as a viable route. Reversing through that – with stick shift no less – was not Matthew’s favorite part of the trip!

The red line is what Google told us to do – that sharp curve is a staircase though!

If you have the data to double-check your route by loading the satellite layer, you should (checking the satellite layer has helped us in navigating many times!)

In general, though, the directions were good and a quick search on Maps would identify several parking locations in cities.

In smaller towns it seemed you could park on the side of most roads and you didn’t really need to plan ahead. In bigger cities, expect to pay for parking in a lot or garage and aim for one on the outskirts of the city center.

You can park in the green/white zones, but not the red/white zones

Police Interactions While Driving in Morocco

We had absolutely no problems with the police while driving in Morocco, and we encountered them many, many times in Morocco.

The police had checkpoints set up as you entered most towns. While they were checking authorization on some cars (mostly larger vehicles, it seemed), we always got waved on through, often with a friendly smile.

We were never stopped or hassled at all by the police in Morocco.

Road Signage You’ll See While Driving in Morocco

Moroccan signs follow the European style – so look for circular speed limit signs. The signage was pretty clear in most regards, but street names were often lacking.

Two of the most common signs we saw – animal crossing and curving roads aheads!

Hitchhikers

Hitchhikers were very common in Morocco.

Expect to frequently see people walking along the highway between towns. Many of them clearly are just used to traveling that way, but it was common for them to signal (arm straight but angled down, two fingers pointing was the signal rather than a thumb – this also was the sign to signal a taxi) and solicit a ride.

Matthew was tempted to do it for the novelty, as it was clearly a cultural norm, but we weren’t sure about if there were any laws to be aware of and so we didn’t end up doing it.

Final Thoughts on Driving in Morocco

Despite being hair-raising in the cities, having narrow roads with lots of turns, and puking out the side of the car, our Morocco road trip was a huge highlight of the trip.

We loved having total control over our itinerary and plans and being able to stop where we wanted to stop, or have the flexibility to shift things if we saw something cool. Being on the road in Morocco, with such a different and unique landscape all around us, felt like such an adventure.

Pay attention to the tips in this driving in Morocco guide, drive cautiously, pack some dramomine, and you’ll be fine! Happy driving!

Ready to hit the road? Book your car for your Moroccan road trip here!

Check out our other Morocco articles below!

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